ETF has performed a survey using a list of possible Social consequences from SESAR deployment, including areas such as Human Factors aspects (i.e. Roles and Responsibilities, Workload, HMI, new Working environment, etc.) and Legal aspects considered important and leading to Social implications.
During 2012 ETF has performed a survey using a list of possible Social consequences including areas such as Human Factors aspects (i.e. Roles and Responsibilities, Workload, HMI, new Working environment, etc.) and Legal aspects considered important and leading to Social implications. The main goal for SESAR is in the area of Cost Effectiveness with the “political” target to save 50% of ATM cost. Almost all SESAR projects have performance targets leading to cut costs with the consequence of redundancy of staff and the risk of the mobility of exceeding staff. As far SESAR is a European project the main mitigation action is basically the effective Social Dialogue at European level, but also at FAB and National level.
One of the main affected areas is training. Where high automation is expected, the main threat will be to recover from degraded mode and non-‐nominal situations. An adequate training before operational deployment and a recurrent training to avoid the loss of ATCOs skills will be crucial for SESAR implementation. A mutual negotiation between employers and employees at European, FAB and National level will be the key enabler.
The deployment of several new technologies, procedures and tools will introduce new tasks leading to a more complex environment (e.g. through the maximum use of human flexibility) increasing workload, stress and fatigue. The SESAR solution to mitigate is the Human Performance assessment process. This process informs the design and development of an operational concept through the identification of recommendations and / or requirements that may be necessary to prevent or mitigate any potential negative impacts a concept may have on Human Performance.
One of the main and problematic issues is that in SESAR, Human Performance is not systematically taken into account as the other Key performance areas; consequently it will be difficult to collect all necessary evidences to set up an exhaustive list of recommendations and requirements to mitigate social consequences and Human aspects affecting SAFETY.